How is a violin made

French made violin circa 1750 Stolen: 20 Nov 2010 - 25 Tarbell st. Violins are important instruments in a wide variety of musical genres. Los Angeles Philharmonic. Quartet Arrangements and Other Sheet Music . copy made in Czechoslovakia. This series of articles shows how a violin is made by hand by a professional violin maker in the traditional way. The top of the violin is made of quarter-sawn spruce. Different notes are made by fingering with the left hand while bowing with the right. This teacher manual shows: 1). Bows fall into different price ranges, based on the quality of the materials that make up each part. The violin is an instrument that likely has its roots in the vielle - an instrument in Europe derived from the Byzantine lyra - a medieval bowed instrument. The violin is varnished in a transparent golden-amber color. A violin bow is drawn across the violin strings, producing vibrations that create sound. Made in USA It's Really Easy to Fit a Bridge, Right? By Diane Bruce. Upon learning that we charge $50 to fit a bridge to a violin and $80 to a cello, the customer's jaw often hits the ground. Glaesel has also just released a new Suzuki student violin outfit, model VI502EC. One of the changes I made to my violin was to remove the old ebony tailpiece and install this one. While it is still a German factory instrument, this is the best Ole Bull instrument that I have seen. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Smaller violin-type instruments exist, including the violino piccolo and the kit violin, but these are virtually unused. Another exception to the rule is the manufactured work from the French violin-making town of Mirecourt, which was created with the objective of providing instruments that were as good and as affordable as possible. The violin is in excellent condition with one scratch on the back - original varnish intact - insurance value Amounts shown in italicized text are for items listed in currency other than Canadian dollars and are approximate conversions to Canadian dollars based upon Bloomberg's conversion rates. Particularly in the 19th century and the fin de siècle period, The violin makers listing was created from direct submittals to our site as well as from search engines such as Google, Yahoo!, MSN and The Open Directory Project. 1 [Shinichi Suzuki] on Amazon. Like the guitar and other plucked string instruments, bowed instruments date from antiquity. Materials Used to Make a Violin. How to Play the Violin. Most violins have a hollow wooden body. The oldest surviving violin, dated inside, is the “Charles IX” by Andrea Amati, made in Cremona in 1564, but the label is very doubtful. Antonius Stradivarius lived from 1644-1737. In her quest to become a world-famous violinist, Ji-Hae Park fell into a severe depression. The violin typically has four strings tuned in perfect The violin is the most modern embodiment of stringed musical instruments played with a bow. Stamped inside the violin is the date 1944 and the phrase “Hergestellt in Englischer fangenschaft” (Made in English captivity). Made in Germany Copy of Stradivarius Violin 1890's-1930's. Stradivarius Violins • Antonio Stradivari. Creative violinmakers are often happy to oblige. R. 1560. Its essential contribution to the violin's sound is a well-known secret still underestimated by many players. Most musical instruments produced today use strings with cores made of other materials, generally steel or synthetic polymer. Amati’s violins are gilded with the Coat of Arms of French Court , Stradivari’s violins made his best violins during his ‘ golden period ‘ of between 1700 to 1725. viol 2). The violin has a beautiful ONE PIECE BACK and is in excellent condition. Download the Template INSTRUCTIONS You will need: Computer Printer and letter size paper, Cardstock or cereal box, a corregated cardboard box, scissors, exacto-knife or razor blade, craft …The Violin . Andrea (c. Violins range in price from hundreds to thousands of dollars, making it difficult to assess which is the right option for you. Fiddleheads. Stradivarius Copy Violin Made in Germany this is a very old violin, it is a copy of nicolaus amati, made in germany. Le Renard 931,971 views. This section serves two purposes: 1. How Does a Violin Produce Sound? A violin produces sound through the vibration of its strings, which occurs when the player draws the bow over the strings and sets them in motion. Bedford, Oh The Violin was taken to a violin shop in Bedford Oh. Student Violins. They also eat the silk velvet or wool felt case linings and the glue that holds everything together. A violin made from the famous Prime Minister’s cigar box is expected to fetch between £500 and £1000 at auction this month Winston Churchill picture: Getty The instrument was made in 1956 by the self-taught violin-maker William Robinson and has the words ‘Made in Havana – Cuba’ on the back. Titles: Principles of Study and Guidance * Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star Variations (Shinichi Suzuki) * Lightly Row (Folk Song) * Song of the Wind (Folk Song) * …Being new to violins, I was forced to do a lot of research on violin accessories and their uses. Michael Todd III Cello. It is in very fine condition. . Most violins have a hollow wooden body. : Mel Bay Fifty-plus themes and excerpts from the standard classical violin solo, symphonic and chamber literature, arranged for two violins with chords. A violin, dated 1743, had the belly made of carefully selected pine, the back of walnut, and the sides (very exceptional) of maple. This template is provided as a free service for personal use. Welcome to ViolinsLover Shop! You have found the Gliga Violins USA musical stringed instruments violin shop. Due to the number of Vuillaume craftsmen, they created a wide divergence in quality of instruments. We showed it to an expert in the field, who dated it to the early 1900's (1930's at the very latest). Strings are made from a variety of different metals (mainly aluminium, steel and gold for the E-string). A violin bow is much more than just an indispensable accessory. All of our instruments are made one at a time, on the bench. Q: This is a photo of a violin with the original case that was in my grandmother's home and belonged to my great-grandfather. April 29, A- A+ . 5 out of 5 stars (27) $ 266. If you need something in a hurry, please e-mail or call Norbert Gerl at 214-373-9498 for info/prices, and I'll be happy to send you PDFs or print copies. If you don’t know whether your violin is made by Stradivarius, it probably isn’t. Only music was able to lift her out again -- showing her that her goal needn’t be to play lofty concert halls, but instead to bring the wonder of the instrument to as many people as possible. Vittorio Villa was born in Monza in 1961. The bridge of a violin is a tall piece of wood which supports the strings and transmits their vibration to the body of the violin. Violin strings were not made out of actual cat guts. A violin is made As you see, you'll save thousands of dollars by purchasing "Wolrd-Class Violin Made Simple" This is a systematized course that will give you the insider secrets you need to play like a pro. In general, a student violin is made from lower-quality wood and involves less hand work. Aubert bridges for Violin, Viola, Cello and Bass A5T Violin Bridge Made in France, treated. The first chart contains the basic structure and pieces of the violin. It was the kind of meal that in any other circumstances would have made me carnivorously happy. Learn More. How does one set a price on a genuine Stradivarius instrument? With only 650 in existence today, these immaculate works of art are prized as much for their unique and supreme craftsmanship and sound as they are for their rarity in quantity. They are most prominent in the Western classical tradition, both in ensembles (from chamber music to orchestras) and as solo instruments and in many varieties of folk music, including country music, bluegrass music and in jazz. In addition, wood bows may break. Another violin-making dynasty in Germany, this time in Klingenthal, is the Hopf family. violin - bowed stringed instrument that is the highest member of the violin family; this instrument has four strings and a hollow body and an unfretted fingerboard and is played with a bow fiddle Amati - a violin made by Nicolo Amati or a member of his family Violin bows can be made from a few different materials, so the first decision you may want to make is which of them you prefer. Leguia says he's had to make just four repairs. Ready to be played, minor scratches and sings of used, comes in the case with 3 bows, see 12 photos for more details. 20%; Shipping. This is a copy of the Antonius strudivarius. It was made in the best period and area of violin making in the 20th century. The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family. Spruce or Willow is also best for the internal blocks and lining. violin manufacturer/supplier, China violin manufacturer & factory list, find qualified Chinese violin manufacturers, suppliers, factories, exporters & wholesalers quickly on Made-in-China. How to make a violin: a step-by-step guide, from block of wood to beautiful instrument. Particularly in the 19th century and the fin de siècle period,A modern violin is made from about 70 different pieces of wood. The different sections are made separately and then fitted together to create a streamlined final product. 1). For a long time, catgut was the most common material for the strings of harps, lutes, violins, violas, cellos, and double basses, acoustic guitars and other stringed musical instruments, as well as older marching snare drums. The rib garland includes a top block, four corner blocks (sometimes omitted in inexpensively mass-produced instruments,) a bottom block, and narrow strips called linings, A violin is a popular string instrument that is played with a bow. it/MoATTraining Get the Violin Sheet Music! http://mnot. They are known in the music world for their quality of sound, their great value and rarity. Excellent for Beginner to Professional Musician. List Price: US$110. . I'd like to make your decision easy. A handmade, hand varnished violin made in China. Dimitri Musafia, Master Maker of Violin and Viola Cases. History of the Violin The modern day style violin was first made near the start of the European Renaissance in the 1500s. how is a violin madeA violin consists of a body or corpus, a neck, a finger board, a bridge, a soundpost, four strings, The body of the violin is made of two arched plates fastened to a "garland" of ribs with animal hide glue. The following table lists the length of each violin size. ca when you are in the market to buy your instrument or any violin-related accessories. Even today, when many beginner violins are made in Violins, how violins are made, making a violin, musical instruments, strings, stringed instruments, playing the violin, the violin,Jun 21, 2016 Primary differences were that, unlike its forerunner, this instrument was made using wood and it featured three violin strings instead of two. com. Making a violin is a time-consuming process that requires delicate craftsmanship and expert techniques. This fine example by Antonio Stradivari, made in Cremona in 1704 is known as the "Ex-Liebig" as it once belonged to an important violin collection owned by …Nov 20, 2011 · My FREE Music Career Training: http://smarturl. Violin is a 6 letter medium Word starting with V and ending with N. All we ask is that you kindly consider www. Best Violin Overall: A member of the string family, the violin has been in production since the 16th century. The violin is a string instrument, usually with four strings and its sound is made when a bow is drawn across the strings. I have found using European woods definitely improves the sound of a violin. Strings were first made of sheep's intestines (called "catgut"), stretched, dried and twisted. Use up to two "?" wildcard characters to represent blank tiles or any letter. Between 150 and 200 violins remain in existence, …My violin has inside Antonius Straduarius Cemonensis, made My violin has inside, Antonius Straduarius Cemonensis, made in Germany, Haciebat Anno 17, can you help me to know is this is a real straduarius violin, It belonged to my Grandfather. The top section of a violin is usually made from the soft spruce wood. DICTIONARY OF VIOLIN MAKERS and BOW MAKERS. This quick reference chart is a helpful reference sheet you can print off and go back to as you’re learning the basics of the violin and beginning your violin lessons. Not so infrequently a customer comes into our shop needing a new bridge for a violin or cello. There were 11 by Guarneri del Gesù and six by Niccolò Amati. The Hair. This violin has a lightly flamed 2-piece maple back with matching sides and neck. The Metropolitan Museum of Art has an Amati violin that may be even older, possibly dating to 1558 but also this date is very doubtful. Vintage Violin 4/4. Smaller violin-type instruments exist, including the violino piccolo and the kit violin, but these are The body of the violin is made of two arched plates fastened to a "garland" of ribs with animal hide glue. If you are musician looking for an arrangement of a particular piece (perhaps it was requested with short notice), you might find it here. Our mission is to bring you the best Romanian stringed instruments from the master craftsman Vasile Gliga at an affordable price. The designer is Luca Alessandrini, the award is the International Student Innovation Award 2016 , and the initiative was run by London & Partners, the official promotional company for the British capital that gives visibility to …The violin virtuoso Niccolo Paganini is rumoured to have preferred a to play a violin made by Guarneri del Gesù. WILLEMS, Jooris. This is the part of the bow that actually touches the violin and makes the sound. The Violin Society of America is one of the most prestigious international competitions for violin creators, where two independent juries evaluate the submitted works. Titles: Principles of Study and Guidance * Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star Variations (Shinichi Suzuki) * Lightly Row (Folk Song) * Song of the Wind (Folk Song) * Go Tell Aunt Rhody (Folk Song) * O ComeBeing new to violins, I was forced to do a lot of research on violin accessories and their uses. Cecilio CVN-200 Solidwood Violin with D'Addario The violin. The A and E strings in particular, project and are sweet and easy to play all the way to the top register. Amadeea Violin “MUSIC is what I am. The greatest violin maker of all times is Antonio Stradivari, an Italian luthier whose instruments are among the most appreciated and expensive in the world. We asked him to take us through the process, from the moment the wood arrives to the finished instrument. Storing materials at a certain temperature and humidity before processing. Nippon is the same as Japan, I think. Learn to play the violin for free. glaesel. Ghent, 1630-65; a cornet-player, 1634-71. The rest were signed by lesser-known but not necessarily lesser-valued Cremonese masters of the 1600s and 1700s. About the Violin - The Violin Site www. In addition, the author has run his own successful violin shop for 27 years - selling, renting, restoring, and repairing tens of thousands of instruments in all quality levels. There is no good way to eliminate mites from an old case. The violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. from Old Violins by H. Thurmond Knight, violin maker, makes hand made violins, violas and cellos in his violin shop nestled among 160 acres of spruce and maple trees in Vermont's Northeast Kingdom. Welcome to Fiddlershop - your one-stop-shop for the finest Reference of No. How It's Made Get season 22 on YouTube The Secrets Of The Violin - Documentary (Stradivarius, Guarneri del Gesù) - Duration: 59:59. Violins: Buy American. Very Old Labelled Vintage Violin "e Tom Carcassi" Fiddle 小提琴 ヴァイオリン Geige The violin they had created using wood treated with a specially selected fungus was to take part in a blind test against an instrument made in 1711 by the master violin maker of Cremona himself The violin they had created using wood treated with a specially selected fungus was to take part in a blind test against an instrument made in 1711 by the master violin maker of Cremona himself The Strunal factory has always been proud of the instruments made by our world famous Czech violin makers. Loading Unsubscribe from falcanary? Cancel Unsubscribe. He also makes violins in his spare time. Add to this the interesting note that North America's forests are still largely intact and you have a powerful recipe for quality makers of all violins, violas, and cellos. Read Made Violin Reviews and Customer Ratings on electric silent violin, dark violin, violin made the hand, frame violin Reviews, Sports & Entertainment, Violin, Violin Parts & Accessories, Cello Reviews and more at Aliexpress. It was the perfect instrument to keep up with a rapidly changing music industry, as musicians became more and more proficient and music began to move from the noble, private sphere, into the public domain. It is the smallest and highest-pitched instrument in the family in regular use. Violin bows are made from the finer white hair while cello bows can be made from a Violin Cases and Storing Instruments. The sides of the violin, curiously, are called ribs. 403 violin customer. It is a High Quality Cecilio and Mendini Violins At Affordable Prices. If you don't get a grip on it you won't go far in playing your violin. The violin is a carefully made hollow wooden box, with a neck protruding from the top, and a internal sound post connecting the front (belly) and the back. Most of the outside of the body is made to look shiny by using a special varnish. Peter Diertel (N1104 Weller Violins Crafting of new custom-made instruments (Violins, Violas and Cellos). Why old master instruments sound so good . He made his first violin at the age of 14 with the help of one of his teachers at Chethams school of music. They said the all black labels were made by other violin makers employed by John Juzek and that his violin labels were multi colored. The Model 55 is expertly varnished with a reddish-brown spirit varnish. The instrument (pictured left) was made for King Charles IX of France who commissioned Amati to construct 24 instruments for him. 75 Size: A5T Viola Bridge Made in France, treated The violin is made of Carpathian spruce and European maple. Atlantic Violin Supplies, located in New Brunswick, Canada, is a violin supply business providing value and service since 1993. This family heirloom that is over a century old with the original case and bow is now being sold. One of the top-selling bows here is the String Centre FG Series Fiberglass Violin Bow, and it's a good example of the flexibility and affordability that makes fiberglass so popular. He graduated in 1992 at the International School of Violin-making in Cremona. Strings were originally made of gut. So many instruments of this family have been made over the years as there are at least 25 members of this family who are listed in Henley's Universal Dictionary of Violin and Bow Makers. Nowadays, strings are made of either a stranded synthetic core or a steel core. It means stringed instrument. Download the Template INSTRUCTIONS You will need: Computer Printer and letter size paper, Cardstock or cereal box, a corregated cardboard box, scissors, exacto-knife or razor blade, …The Violin . This violin is made of a two-piece table of spruce, back of maple with irregular fine figure, ribs of medium-fine figure, neck, pegbox and scroll of medium-fine figured maple, and a deep reddish-purple varnish. Antique German Violin Unlabeled For Restoration . Most of the tools required for violin making are the same as those used for most types of hand woodworking and carving: planes, chisels, gouges, knives, saws, and scrapers. " The wood is delicate and in great shape. 1820. Gliga Violins. Watch him telling the story of how he got to be a violin maker. The fingerboard is made of ebony, the bridge is maple, and the other fittings oldest surviving violin, the best violin of all times and the most famous violin are all of Italian making. The decline of violin making began in the second half of the 18th century. What Material Is the Violin Made Of? Generally speaking, the belly, sound post and the bass bar of a violin are made of a softwood, such as spruce, which is chosen for its strength and light weight. There is a world of difference in woods and strings, because each has its own structural and sound qualities. A violin bridge has an arched top, which allows the violinist to play single string passages as well as double stops. Violin chin rests were not used until the nineteenth century, and so shifting the left hand from position to position was audible. While most violins have two-piece backs that are joined together with a seam down the middle, one-piece backs are preferred due to their increased resonance. That's why the Pirastro Wondertone cannot produce a Strad WONDERTONE from a machine made violin. He was a student of Joseph Fuchs during this time. In 1983 he started the business now called Peter Zaret and Sons Violins. The back, ribs, neck, pegbox, scroll and bridge are made from hardwoods, typically maple. Most recently it was played by Glenn Dicterow of the New York Philharmonic during a ceremony at the Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum in New York City. Zelda (BOTW) Secret Compartment Infinity Chess Box. Inside the instrument, beneath the treble foot of the bridge and wedged between the violin belly and back, which is made of maple, is the sound post, a thin stick of pine that transmits the string vibrations to the instrument’s back, contributing to the characteristic violin tone. The violin – made by former business partners Alf and Curtin in 1985 for then U-M music department faculty member Ruggiero Ricci (now deceased) – sold at Tarisio in New York for $132,000. The first violin made was by Andrea Amati in 1555. By gripping the violin strings (which is assisted by a coating of rosin on the hair) and pulling, a flat ribbon of horse hair causes the strings to vibrate, which produces the sound. Once the violin is playable, be or find a player who can pass the instrument through a barrage of repeatable sonic and technical tests: Violin makers prefer wood cut from old growth trees, grown at high altitudes on northern slopes. Stradivari was believed to have been born in Cremona, Italy in 1644. It was once made of sheep’s intestines in the 19th century. Bay Fine Strings Violin Shop Most violin bows are usually made from one of three materials: 1) wood; 2) fiberglass or 3) carbon fiber. Shop a large selection of custom t-shirts, sweatshirts, mugs and more. Rosin is a sticky subject. Contrary to popular belief, violin strings were never made of cat's intestines. You need Flash Player in order to view this. If you put your finger gently on a loudspeaker you will feel it vibrate - if it is I have sold violins and the costomer has told me the violin has a better sound than friends of theres that payed $2,000. During his lifetime he produced some of the most beautiful violins ever made and has come to be regarded as the best maker of the Amati family. 59:59. This violin by Mathias Neiner (who spelled his name Neuner after 1800) was made in Mittenwald about 1795 as indicated on the label. The book - Violin making and Repairs for the Novice is available from the author. The gut strings are often referred to as "cat gut" but are in fact made from the intestines of sheep. Violin is an accepted word in Word with Friends having 12 points. Catgut is (and was) made from the walls of various animal intestines though. The internal parts of the violin—the corner and end blocks and the linings—are usually made of spruce or willow, while purfling can be made of many different woods and/or "fiber" (thick paper or cardboard). Canada, one of the world's largest countries is rivaled only by Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom for a greater number of violin makers. This package consists of three of worldwide best selling teacher manuals: ‘Violin Finger Positions Made Easy’ for First Position, Second Position and Third Position. theviolinsite. The modern European violin changed over time from many different bowed stringed instruments. Most Strads have a provenance and are photographed, known and played by the best musicians. How A Violin Is Made July 9, 2014 by Love Nurtured Music Peter Prier is a violin maker who has established a prestigious violin making school in downtown Salt Lake City, UT. Violin Duet Classics Made Playable eBook+Online Audio - Mel Bay Publications, Inc. Check www. Here’s what wikipedia said about violin string: (Violin construction and mechanics - Wikipedia) Strings were first made of sheep's intestines (called "catgut "), stretched, dried and twisted. The violin is also called a fiddle and someone who plays the instrument is known as a violinist or a fiddler. From there, the bridge of the violin transmits those vibrations to the back and front plate of the instrument, causing the entire body of the violin to serve as a Stradivarius Violins • Antonio Stradivari. All these violins have a great story that continues today. es/2gRXqLV Download or Stream this Song: https://TaylorDavis For a long time, catgut was the most common material for the strings of harps, lutes, violins, violas, cellos, and double basses, acoustic guitars and other stringed musical instruments, as well as older marching snare drums. A Carbon Fibre Violin I Made From Scratch: Last year i made a carbon fibre violin , I started out by drawing a violin on paper , working out the curve heights , plotting the lot on paper , Once i had my plans drawn it was time to start making moulds , the violin plate moulds started as A Carbon Fibre Violin I Made From Scratch: Last year i made a carbon fibre violin , I started out by drawing a violin on paper , working out the curve heights , plotting the lot on paper , Once i had my plans drawn it was time to start making moulds , the violin plate moulds started as Violin Making. How the Violin Got Its Shape. Yamaha Violin Finder. The violin is traditionally made from wood, but in 1992, the Swedish artist Lars Widenfalk created a real, playable violin out of diabase, a type of stone. Strings differ significantly in quality, and the quality of the strings makes a considerable difference to the tonal quality produced by the instrument. This article contains information about the violin [How a Violin is Made:Selecting the right The bridge helps to hold the strings in place, while the pegs maintain the tension necessary to produce vibration. Corilon Violins. Factory price, high grade level professional violin, all handmade oil painting finish, Beijing violin. Even today, when many beginner violins are made in Violins, how violins are made, making a violin, musical instruments, strings, stringed instruments, playing the violin, the violin,May 31, 2016 Alastair Wood is a retired primary head-teacher and violinist. It is related to a North African instrument called a rebab (a three-stringed instrument also played with a bow drawn across the strings). This article contains information about the violin [How a Violin is Made:Selecting the right Oct 23, 2007 Science ch showing violins. Seidel hand made violin made in west germany. 00 violin made in Italy. The sound is outstanding: rich with a very good projection. “Violin is the most iconic, the most difficult instrument to play, has not undergone changes for nearly 400 years and has a long tradition. The Model 55 Violin is the first of many European Violins in the instrument line of International Music Café. Considered the greatest violins ever made, Stradivarius violins have been handcrafted by master luthier Antonio Stradivari. In addition, a few specialized tools are needed. They carry a large selection of quality violins, violin parts, bows, construction woods, finishes, accessories, technical books, strings, and much more. Amati Family, a family of celebrated Italian violin makers in Cremona in the 16th and 17th centuries. Discover our selection of fine certified stringed instruments and bows. Limited Time Offer. Is a violin hand made in 1790 with the name Stradivarius worth anything? First, all violins made before the 20th century are hand made, and most today still are. A perfect red-colored violin inspires passion, making its way through three centuries over several owners and countries, eventually ending up at an auction where it may find a new owner. Fractional Size Violins: #ED-1/32: 1/32 size Educator Violin outfit Read More. Peter Zaret, received a bachelor's degree from Juilliard 1963 and a masters degree from Juilliard in 1964 in violin performance. t are two splits in the wood on the front, one on the top and one on the bottom. The Lady Tennant Stradivarius is an antique violin made in 1699 by grandmaster violin maker Stradivari, a year before his ‘golden period’. My Husband Made Me a Violin/Viola Wall Mount w/Bow A very nice, well made "Stradivarius" violin copy. Only the speed of production, quality of materials, and diligence in finishing distinguish the difference between the mediocre and the sublime. It is held between the left collar bone (near the shoulder) and the chin. If you would like to be included in our list, simply send us a request to consider your site. The violins were unique in their own way. This business relocated from Norfolk, Virginia to Cleveland, Ohio in June of 1998. You would be hard pressed to find a violin that sounded as good at the price What Has Made The Long Island Violin Shop Successful Through The Years Continues Today — people choosing to enrich their lives with music and an outstanding staff serving them with knowledge and skill. The belly, linings, and the soundpost are usually made of spruce. Printed paper box tops, folded by hand, are slipped over the shiny cakes. Other materials violin strings have been made out of include: solid steel, stranded steel, or various synthetic materials, wound with various metals, and sometimes plated with silver. The violin is the smallest and highest-pitched of the instruments in the string family. Located in Newton, Massachusetts, Carriage House Violins is the instrument sales division of Johnson String Instrument. Some find Investing in fine made violins and violas and then loaning them to musicians not only enhances the instrument itself by vibrating the top plate of the violin in playing which improves its sound, but also helps the musicians career as well as the instruments owner's initial investment. In this post you will find Material of which a violin’s bow part is made. That's when it hit me. -Michael Darnton/VIOLIN MAKING/Wood- torn up scrapers for the final surfacing. The chin rest is held on the body of the violin using metal, and protective cork underneath the metal, so it will not scra … tch the violin. Topic RSS. This violin was made by Jacob Stainer in Absam (Innsbruck), Austria in 1645-1655. 1820 Price: 15000 GBP A nice classical English violin by Richard Tobin, made for Lockey Hill, London, ca. C. Material of which a violin’s bow part is made Posted by krist on 29 May 2018, 11:11 am In this post you will find Material of which a violin’s bow part is made. The violin sheet music scales below are composed to be played in first position. As the rosin cools and hardens, the rubber stops are peeled away and the ends torched smooth. com for additional information. To this day, the most sought-after instruments by both collectors and performers are those made by the Italians Stradivari and Guarneri del Gesu, both luthiers from the "Golden Age" of violin making. The label in my violin is multi colored. The oldest surviving violin is named Charles IX, which was made by Andrea Amati in 1564, which in some respects supports the theory that Amati did indeed create the first standard modern violins, or at least provides physical evidence to justify this claim. An incident on the leatherwall last year brought these two worlds together. Stradivarius Violin Price. The violin was not made directly from the instruments called viols. com is made possible by Shar Music. Working. The three century-old Stradivarius fetched a price of US$2. Okay, I'm finished with my puns. The violin developed in the 1500s, evolving from a series of guitar-like instruments that musicians played with a bow. The violin is the most modern embodiment of stringed musical instruments played with a bow. It sounds different to other instruments of a similar age as it is made from a type of mahogany, instead of the normal pine or maple, and pieces of what appears to be packing crates. 4 letter Words made out of violin. "The Messiah" or "Le Messie" (also known as the "Salabue") made by Antonio Stradivari in 1716 remains pristine, never having been used. Violin rosin can be applied to the bridges in other musical when a new bowstring is being made or waxed for maintenance purposes, rosin may be present in the wax The G Silver Sound for violin is often combined with the normal E, A and D strings as a set to create a warmer and more round sound. The finest wood bows offer incomparable performance but at a price that few can afford. Since then, however, there has been over 30 bearers of the Vuillaume name in Mirecourt, which became the French center of violin craftsmanship. , offered at the best prices on the international market. The violin My Husband Made Me a Violin/Viola Wall Mount w/Bow Hooks. Dave plays fiddle in the style of Cape Breton fiddlers. It's a factory made violin. The four strings are made of various materials: specially treated animal gut, plastic or metal. Typically, violin strings are made of three types of material: (1) Metal Strings Metal strings – also called steel core strings – are a very common choice for violinists, as they produce a bright, full sound when played with proper technique. People have asked, so I am adding this in. How to Buy a Violin. HaweisSuzuki Violin School: Violin Part, Vol. 000 crossword clues divided into more than 20 categories. htmlThe violin is a carefully made hollow wooden box, with a neck protruding from the top, and a internal sound post connecting the front (belly) and the back. However, this is just a small part of its makeup. )from roughly the point at which the neck meets the body of the violin to the bottom (tail) of the violin. The strings are usually tuned into the notes G, D, A, and E. A violin in the baroque style made by John McLennan : First, something about sound. 00 and even one told me there violin teacher told them the pearl river violin had just as good a sound as her own violin that was a $7,000. This is the reason why different brand name strings have different tonal characters. It was very annoying to have The violin is a string instrument which has four strings and is played with a bow. After the C bouts are in place, the rest of the ribbing is attached to the blocks. The body of the violin is a hollow box which measures about 35. The one-piece back is especially handsome, featuring a striking medium flame, descending from left to right. Some old violins have ivory fingerboards. Your violin will be a Strad. I had asked Maller how he could tell my violin wasn’t a Klotz, and he had pointed out a few details: she was a half-centimeter too short in the body, her scroll a …A traditional violin body is of course made of wood. There are smaller fractional violins as well such as 3/4, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/10, and 1/16. The ribs are what is commonly seen as Background. Up for bids is a beautiful old A. Violin Made Easy Thanks for visiting SpeedyViolinLessons. 032 million in a Christie’s auction in 2005, and posted a then-world record price. The author has made 170 instruments that are in the hands of amateurs, semi-professionals and professionals all around the US. Nicely decorated copper mounted ebony frog. I once made a viola from this wood, and though the resulting instrument was one of my best violas, it completely trashed all of my tools, Find great deals on eBay for antonius stradivarius cremonensis violin and antonius stradivarius cremonensis violin 1721. The body of the violin is made of two arched plates fastened to a "garland" of ribs with animal hide glue. By Dennis Gaffney. The glossary explains the terms used. ” Violin Live Cover – by Amadeea. We believe that all musicians will enjoy playing our string instruments because through music a Strunal instrument will enhance the quality of one's life. How It's Made: Violins. Comes with case. The word violin comes from the Middle Latin word vitula. Everything else is what I do. 10pc Deluxe 6-in-1 Set-up Template Set Product Number: T6150. In another compartment was my violin playing world. com. Jones Belfast, NY 1902 - 1913. Violinist. The sound post is the voice of the violin. Prior to that there had been other stringed instruments that used a bow to vibrate the strings such as the lyra and the rebec from the middle ages. The Baroque bridge was lower and flatter. Kallo Bartok Violin, European Made. The juries analyse both “the tone and the workmanship” of the instrument. The oldest documented violin family instrument to have four strings, like the modern violin, is a viola that was constructed between 1536-1559 by Andrea Amati in Cremona Italy. There are two different types of violin strings: The first is a synthetic core string which is made from purely man-made materials. Unknown make, restored by Atlanta Violins Serial #: N2000 3/4 sized violin $1,425. How to make a violin: a step-by-step guide, from block of wood to beautiful instrument. Violin. The Frisch and Denig Violin and Viola Chinrest Fitting System includes standard height and lifted chinrests in a wide variety of shapes, chinrest diagnostic kits for players of any age, and a posture and instrument positioning process. Generally sheep or goat intestines are preferred, but occasionally other intestines are used, such as intestines from pigs and cows. There’s no shrink wrap or other fancy packaging, and the only nod to modern marketing is a …General signs of quality in a violin. Being the sole survivor of a violin making tradition, the task of carrying on that tradition then fell to Nicola, and he proved himself to be most able. 00 Favorite The antique violins made by them are highly valuable in today’s market. Alastair Wood is a retired primary head-teacher and violinist. A fellow on the leatherwall posted some pictures of this dulcimer a friend of his made out of some scrap pieces of cherry. Follow Derek Roberts' progress as he works from choosing the wood to the completed violin in the white. com for additional information. The body length of a full size violin is about 14 inches. Bow, resin, and tuning whistle. Sticky Business: How Rosin Is Made. The body of a violin is mostly made of wooden parts held together by strong glue. It has four strings. Now it is ready to move on to the varnishing and assembly process. The violin is a string instrument which is played with a bow. 1900 The oldest surviving violin, dated inside, is from this set, and is known as the "Charles IX", made in Cremona c. My violin has inside Antonius Straduarius Cemonensis, made My violin has inside, Antonius Straduarius Cemonensis, made in Germany, Haciebat Anno 17, can you help me to know is this is a real straduarius violin, It belonged to my Grandfather. Pfretszchner instruments are made in our workshop in Romania. The back, the neck, the ribs and the bridge are usually made of maple. The fingerboard of a violin is of ebony. The Violin is a member of the string family of musical instruments, which also includes the viola, cello, and double bass. A record price for an American violin at auction is $15,000 for one of the finest examples made by American craftsmen in the field, Kerry explains Modern violin strings are made of steel, not gut, and are strung about 50 percent tighter than Baroque strings. Since CLAIR CLINE returned from World War II, The Prison Camp Violin he made has been heard in concert halls across the United States. Violin Lessons Made Easy! review was that it is the way these capabilities are organized inside the all round design that helps to make Learn Violin In 30 Days! Violin Lessons Made Easy! a reliable purchase. Loading Unsubscribe from falcanary? The Secrets Of The Violin - Documentary (Stradivarius, Guarneri del Gesù) - Duration: 59:59. Research into the type of violin that is best suited for your skill level, musical style, ‘Violin Finger Positions Made Easy’ Package. Antonius Stradivarius Cremonenfis Labeled. Item #15-A5T $6. Scrupulous care is taken in selecting and shaping the belly and back. 00 Enter a word to see if it's playable (up to 15 letters). Interestingly, the first instrument in the violin family was not the violin. Buy Cheap Made Violin Now. Popular violin- made in Romania, varnished in China. Pirastro Strings. Keep Learning. Violin with Case Made in Germany 1952 Karl Hermann Erlbach Germany Reproduction of Antonius Stradivarius Anno 1712. American made violin, by R. This word is also believed to be the source of the Germanic “fiddle”. Forty-one were by Stradivarius, including his first violin dated 1667 and the last he made in 1737. The internal parts of the violin — the corner and end blocks and the linings — are usually made of spruce or willow, while purfling can be made of many different woods and/or "fiber" (thick paper or cardboard). It was used for 32 years by a concert master. With three models to choose from, this gives a good selection for both the beginning and advanced student. Enter any letters to see what words can be formed from them. The woods most commonly used in violin making are Maple, Spruce, Ebony, Boxwood, Willow and Rosewood. 1578), the founder of the Cremona school of violin making, was perhaps originally influenced by the work of slightly earlier makers from Brescia. Toggle navigation Michael Weller, 1967 - 1971 Attended Violin Making School. Violin. At the left you can see a violin scroll in the shape of a cougar's head! He has done some incredible work on various types of instruments. With the breakthrough design of our patented Chest Support System™, the Viper is completely self-supporting (no chin rest!). The oldest surviving violin, dated inside, is the “Charles IX” by Andrea Amati, made in Cremona in 1564, but the label is very doubtful. My Husband Made Me a Violin/Viola Wall Mount w/Bow Hooks. The hair is typically taken from the tail of a white, male horse, The white violin Once the top plate, bottom plate, side plate, and neck have been shaped and assembled, you have a white violin. vino 3 The violin is a musical instrument, that consists of four strings, a hollow body, an unfretted fingerboard, and is played with a bow. The violin is one of the most rewarding and beautiful instruments to play. The violin measures about 22 inches long. The Viper is the most versatile and innovative electric violin ever offered to the modern violinist. Ernst Heinrich Roth violin, made in Germany in 1959, copy of 1700 Strad, with How to Make a Violin Step by step instructions by William Bartruff, Violin Maker Foreword. I took this violin to a violin shop for insurance appraisal. The package includes teacher manuals, card games and a magnetic fingerboard. The violin is working. The road to learning the violin is a long one, but with patience, discipline, and enthusiasm, these steps will help you start down the road Violin made by Nikolai Tambovsky, size 4/4 Model 2004 handmade instrument copy of Antonio Stradivarius. A few months ago I was looking for a violin to buy as a present on a budget. The violin size determined by the neck/wrist approach would be the size that is more comfortable for students to hold. European or Bosnian Maple “ Acer Platenoids “, is the most common type used to construct these elements. Starting Bid $50. Like the guitar and other plucked string instruments, This is the Yamaha Corporation [Musical Instrument Guide] website. Oct 23, 2007This is the Yamaha Corporation [Musical Instrument Guide] website. My violin has inside Antonius Straduarius Cemonensis, made My violin has inside, Antonius Straduarius Cemonensis, made in Germany, Haciebat Anno 17, can you help me to know is this is a real straduarius violin, It belonged to my Grandfather. The violin is a string instrument which has four strings and is played with a bow. It is marked inside with the inscription "Copy of Antonius Stradivarius - Made in Germany. White FL USA, is a world-wide premier violin (etc) shop owned and operated by siblings Paul and Adrianna Tousignant (previously Jan and Anna Van Rooyen). See contents below. Student violins are great for children who are interested in learning, but are not yet sure if they will play for very long. Bill Whitaker visits Cremona, Italy, and finds that the precious Stradivarius violin must be played to keep its million-dollar sound alive High grade level antique violin made in China . The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family. My violin/fiddle (They are the same insterment exept in classical music it is a violin and in music like the great Carly Daniels plays, it is a fiddle. I have this wonderful old violin, paper tag inside still says copy made in Germany 1894 (or 1896, going from memory here). I love the instrument. The body of the violin is the part that amplifies the sound in acoustic violins. Currently there are more than 20. The Smithsonian says “thousands upon thousands” of inexpensive replicas were made in the 19th century, when “the purchaser knew he was buying an inexpensive violin and accepted the label as Strings were first made of sheep's intestines (called "catgut"), stretched, dried and twisted. glaesel. A search of "violin Amati 1555" would g … ive you pictures of these instruments. History of the Stradivarius Violin. The body of a violin is mostly made of wooden parts held together by strong glue. Back then, the violins were made for royalty and gentry, and it is believed that Stradivari made a little more than 1,000 of the instruments. Here, he builds and repairs stringed instruments. Then she opened up two more old cases, revealing the ¾-sized violin her father made for her when she was in first grade, and a violin he had crafted for a forgotten 1940s performer named Ossy Musical instrument Violin - Made in Bulgaria - Working violin - Vintage Musical Instrument - Good Condition - Gift idea - Unique violin AntiqueShaty 4. Find high quality Violin Gifts at CafePress. this is a full size or 4/4 violina little over 14 inches Dave and Cindy Poplawski own Alyssa, the first violin Thurmond made, dedicated to the memory of Alyssa Elaine LaFrance. Violin Total Number of words made out of Violin = 16 Violin is an acceptable word in Scrabble with 9 points. They produced instruments for export to the US, and most had Stradivarius labels in them. Bay Fine Strings Violin Shop If you have an instrument that's marked "Made in Germany" or "Made in Czechoslovakia", it's definitely not a Stradivarius. 7, 2014. 1520–c. This violin created by an Italian designer is made from spiders’ silk. The maker or Luthier who made the violin has a large impact on the price of a violin, if you are a maker of repute your violins carry the reputation, even if it is a Violin Made in Russia By Anne McCollam. Contrary How A Violin Is Made. Metzler Violin Shop. Below are Total 16 words made out of this word. The 1/4 violin is made of spruce wood top and maple necks, backs and Toy Violin Electronic Toy Violin for Kids learning play violin. He made his first violin at the age of 14 Jun 21, 2016 Primary differences were that, unlike its forerunner, this instrument was made using wood and it featured three violin strings instead of two. Silver Sound specifications Violin Silver is made for the G string. They also own Emma, a violin named after Thurmond's grandmother. A violin is sometimes informally called a fiddle, no matter what kind of music is played on it. Some were beautiful instruments based on the work of Jean Baptiste, and others were The top of the violin is made of quarter-sawn spruce. Traditionally violin scrolls are in the shape of a rolled up sheet of parchment, but some violinists prefer something a little different. However, instruments made by Antonius Stradivarius are still being discovered. This is an antique violin made by the Italian luthier Antonio Stradivari of Cremona in 1699, one year before the beginning of his so Is a violin hand made in 1790 with the name Stradivarius worth anything? First, all violins made before the 20th century are hand made, and most today still are. Varnishing, assembly, and then some The white violin Once the top plate, bottom plate, side plate, and neck have been shaped and assembled, you have a white violin. The earliest known reference to this instrument is made in a letter of 20 September 1882, by Thomas Bushrod Washington, the great, great, great-nephew of President George Washington. On the finished violin, the C bouts are called the waist of the violin. There is even a difference in sound quality between old woodThe wood that will eventually be used to make a violin is stored in a temperature and humidity controlled room 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, to preserve the moisture in the wood. Originally my hope was to find a used but cheap and functional antique European made violin. Seriously, violin rosin is a very serious business for anyone who plays a bowed instrument. instruments ever made. But my appetite had vanished. "These people couldn't help but be born in Cremona, or Paris The head, back and sides of violin are made from Composite Wood Professional 4/4 Full-size Hand-made Ebony Violin, Suitable for Professional Students …These Are The 12 Most Expensive Violins Of All Time. Even if you have a violin that isn't marked "Made in Germany" or "Made in Czechoslovakia" and even if the date is from the 1700s- YOU PROBABLY DON'T HAVE A STRADIVARIUS. JSI Resources. Blocks of wood, typically made out of Spruce, Poplar, or Willow, are placed in violin molds made of Walnut wood. This violin was made in 1927. Even if the instrument is not playable, the quality of the purfling, f holes, and scroll all give some clues. Violin bows from Corilon violins. to be cleaned by my mother and I. General signs of quality in a violin. The finish is usually warm amber colored oil varnish. There is no bow and one of Click Image to Enlarge ***Must Have NEW Products for 2017*** Korolia Professional European Violin Bridges Korolia bridges are made in Serbia, the native country where the ideal maple for bridges is sourced. Contrary to popular belief, violin strings were never made of actual cat's intestines. The violin (from Latin: violare, to outrage, injure) (often confused with the viola, which is pretty much the same instrument) is a stringed instrument with four strings, tuned to perfect fifths. I love the feel and sound every time my bow crosses the strings and how the violin sings with a sensuous voice and incredible expressiveness. The body of the violin can be made of a variety of different woods. A violin is a popular string instrument that is played with a bow. These violins usually have some parts made of plastic, such as the pegs and chin rest. The fingerboard and tuning pegs are usually made out of ebony, but can also be made with other types of wood Generally speaking, the belly, sound post and the bass bar of a violin are made of a softwood, such as spruce, which is chosen for its strength and light weight. ) is a 1758 student violin/fiddle. Buyer's Premium. How It's Made: Violins falcanary. That’s how one can tell the difference between a well-made violin and a poorly-made violin. The belly is reinforced by an internal bass bar, which runs vertically through the instrument underneath the lowest string. So, here's the deal Okay - I'll do my best, The fact that the violin was made in 1945 makes it one of the last to come out of the factories operating in Markneukirchen and Mittenwald. Juilliard: Starling-Delay Symposium on Violin Studies. Amadeea - Santa Claus is coming to town. Free violin lessons, tutorials, how-to videos, etudes, studies, sheet music. Welcome to European violins - violin shop ! The violin shop for old violins, violas, cellos and French bows. Most of the wood used in violin making is split or cut "on the quarter" for greatest strength. The strings are usually tuned to the notes G, D, A, and E. Provided that the violin is in good condition, you may not be able to visually tell the difference between a $3,000 violin and a $30,000 violin. The Maple wood used for violin making has a certain amount of “ Figure “ or “Flame” , an optical effect caused by light reflection disturbed by the wavy pattern in the wood structure, the “ Tracheids ” , this orientation inVisually, spruce has fine vertical grains that appear on the front of the violin. Antique Vintage Violin 4/4 Stradivarius Copy (czechoslovakia) With Bow And Case. Traditional violins and cellos, typically made of spruce and maple, aren’t quite Violin strings were first made of sheep gut (commonly known as catgut), which was stretched, dried, and twisted. Tracking an old German made violin I am looking for the names of German luthiers that would have been working in Germany between 1850 and 1900. The violin size determined by the neck/mid-palm approach would be the biggest size students should use. Well, actually the final tonal character is determined by the violin body. High quality hand made carbon fiber composite violin bow. There are a few violins of his from that year that would be the actual first violin. $3,500 USD Compare at $5,000 USD. "By golly," says I, "I can make a violin!" Nashville Violins, Nashville, TN, The Largest Violin Shop of Nashville Tennessee best selection, repair, sales, instruction for violin, fiddle, Nashville violin Dr. ARIA International Summer Academy. The violin is responsive with a warm and generous sound across all four strings. It is a small dowel that is not glued and sits inside the violin touching the top and bottom plates. For more than 150 years, violins made by Stradivari and Guarneri have been the most desired concert instruments. The Stradivarius violins were crafted in the late 1600s and early 1700s by Antonio Stradivari, from his shop in Cremona, Italy. I Made It! Recommendations. If you have a bow that has no hair, odds are it has been eaten by invisible mites. Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for 25 of the Best Violin Pieces Ever Made - Various Artists on AllMusic - 2011 Fretless Finger Guides ™ Free Violin and Fiddle Music Scales. Rare find in American made violins. The violin has a sticker on the inside that says Glaesel shop Adjusted and was made in the year 1989. approx. The usual length of a full-size violin is around 14 inches (36 cm. Peter Prier is a violin maker who has established a prestigious violin making school in downtown Salt Lake City, UT. how is a violin made The 3-D Printed Violin That Could Lead to a New Stradivarius. A harder wood, usually maple, is used for most of the other areas such as the neck, sides (ribs) and back of the violin. Gainesville Violins, located in Ft. 5 cm in length. Beginner violin sheet music for "House of the Rising Sun" This version is the traditional Blues version and inspiration for the rendition that Eric Burdon and the Animals made famous in the sixties, (pay special attention to the first, third, fourth and fifth verses). It is the smallest and highest-pitched member of the violin family of string instruments, which also includes the viola, cello and double bass. Violins are being made of carbon fiber since the ‘70s and the sound box is Violin Strings Violin strings are made from a variety of materials, such as various types of steel, nylon, silk, perlon and real animal gut wrapped in aluminum or silver or even gold. It depends on how you mean the question, though no angle has a simple answer. The Stick. Ole Bull was a virtuoso violinist, and most of these factory-made violins are poorly made, and by now are in disrepair. This are the new updated levels of CodyCross game which is created by Fanatee. The F. These include a thickness caliper, small curved bottom "thumb" planes, purfling groove cutter, What is a Violin Made out of. Usually the back, ribs, neck and scroll are made Making a violin is a time-consuming process that requires delicate craftsmanship and expert techniques. See the Violin Making Picture Diary for a step by step photo tour. Violins have been traditionally used as an accompaniment to singing and dancing. I recently purchased - through eBay - an old German made violin, 3/4 size, and it’s roughly 120 years old, or thereabouts. If you liked this, say thanks by sharing it. Most violin bows are made completely by hand. Adjustment includes ebony fingerboard, pegs, chinrest, composite tailpiece with built-in fine tuners, and LVS synthetic core strings. Japan used to produce factory made violins some decades ago. The ribs are what is commonly seen as the "sides" of the box. falcanary. 60 Minutes in birthplace of Stradivarius violin. com/history. 00. The strings on the violin are tuned G,D,A,E from lowest to highest. Fingerboards, pegs, tailpieces and end pins need to be made out of a dense hardwood, commonly Ebony. If you want to make a violin (or viola for that matter), the first thing you will need is to find one to copy. Bill Whitaker is the correspondent. • All custom instruments made by hand right here in America • Unique specialized finishes available • If you can dream it, we can do it! “I am a violin player. 2. A piece of spruce for the top plate cut cleanly with a hatchet along the grain. This patented system has brought comfort and security to players around the world. by Toy Wonders. The following is a script from "The City of Music" which aired on Dec. Violin and cello bows are strung using the tail hairs of a horse. It was the viola!. 1900. This violin ($1,450) is made of European tonewoods and comes with a brazilwood bow and the GL-5046 Glaesel case. A violin made almost entirely from debris from the earthquake and tsunami that devastated northeast Japan in 2011 was the centerpiece of a commemorative concert Friday in Melbourne. $4,295 USD At StringWorks, we spend 3-5 hours per violin/viola, and The Scroll has been traditionally made from Maple because of its Timbers for violin making- Nomenclature and properties by D, Rodwell BA, FIWSc . To the casual observer, a violin is made of wood and a few metal parts, including the strings. The wood must be cut during the cold dormant months and stored (seasoned) in controlled conditions for several years. Ukrainian musician Anastasiya Petryshak plays a violin made 300 years ago by Selecting the right piece of wood Storing materials 24 hours a day, 365 days a year The wood that will eventually be used to make a violin is stored in a temperature and humidity controlled room 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, to preserve the moisture in the wood. He has a Conservatory Diploma in Violin playing and has performed as a violinist with important Italian orchestras. Ribs for the C bouts are bent into shape using a special iron. Changing it seemed to me an inspiring provocation”, Alessandrini explains. By Laura Geggel, When and where a violin was made also factored heavily into the instrument's shape. Violin made in Markneukirchen, Germany cir. oldest surviving violin, the best violin of all times and the most famous violin are all of Italian making. The choice of woods is basically the same as in the piano, where a hardwood bridge is attached to a spruce soundboard, mounted on a hardwood frame. This violin ($1,450) is made of European tonewoods and comes with a brazilwood bow and the GL-5046 Glaesel case. Old English Violin, Richard Tobin (made for Lockey Hill), London ca. Thank you for reading my comment